Organic farming is an oldest farming method to grow crops in relation with the ecosystem. It uses primitive products for manures and fertilizers that don’t harm the micro-organism and humans. This technique enriches the soil as well as the yields.
Cucumber comes under the category of fruits even though they are commonly used along with vegetables. Cucumber is rich with beneficial nutrients and anti-oxidants that help to prevent many medical illnesses. Cucumber is a watery fruit with low percentage of calories and soluble fibre. They increases hydration rate and helps in weight loss. About 96% of cucumber is water. So it is a best treat to have in summer seasons.
Higher amount of fibre content is present in their peels. So while eating cucumber never peel off the outer skin. Cucumber is a best medicine to reduce blood sugar.
Cucumber is a warm season crop. The plant contains scrawling wines and wide spread leaves with curly tendrils. The scientific name of cucumber is Cucumis satvius and it was originated in India. Cucumber are eaten in different ways, they are eaten raw, cooked or as salads.
In most of the cases, cucumber is cultivated using Greenhouse technique as it increases the productivity and the fruit will contain many nutrients.
For the effective growth of cucumber, loamy soil with a good drainage system is suitable. We must also ensure that the soil is rich with organic contents like nitrogen, potassium, zinc, iron etc. To keep up the fertility of the soil, farmers practice crop rotation, soil tillage, organic amendments and agro ecological services crops. To grow efficiently, the crops need a pH of 6.0-6.5 for mineral soils and 5.0-5.5 for organic soils.
For a perfect greenhouse cucumber farm, there should be moderate temperature, high light intensity, low humidity and market accessibility.
Cucumber demands warm soil for better growth as it cannot tolerate cold conditions. Usually temperature above 16 degree Celsius is suitable for its growth. In most of the cases, the seedlings are germinated inside the garden and kept there for three weeks after which they are transferred to the farmland. Each plant is maintained a distance of 6 to 10 inches.
After planting, organic vegetable fertilizers are applied to the plant in earlier stage after which supplementary feedings are provided at regular intervals.
Green house cucumbers have unique characteristics such as large leaves, swift growth and require large amount of sunlight. Inside greenhouse the plants are placed within 5-7 square feet.
Irrigation is done twice a week by using a hose or sprinkler. When it comes to greenhouse crops, they require a little more amount of water than normal crops. Cucumbers come under the family of watermelon so these crops require a huge amount of water to exist. In order to maintain the wetness in the soil, mulching is done. The soil surface under the plant is covered with dry leaves or haze to avoid the soil being dry. To maintain the wetness, the farmers incorporate drip irrigation technique.
To enhance the growth, cucumber plants are provided with Kelp, compost, alfalfa and neem cake at correct timings and in required quantities. Application of organic fertilizers decreases the nitrogen deficiency diseases.
Over irrigation should be controlled. Provide proper drainage systems to avoid water logging and restrict growing crops in areas of high water table.
The major pest which effects cucumber plant is the cucumber beetles. These beetles are trapped using yellow sticky tapes. Yellow is used because these insects are very much attracted to that colour. Apart from these beetles, no other pests cause major damage to the crops.
Cucumbers are harvested when they attain a perfect size and shape. When the cucumber turns into dark green, it gives us a sign that they are ready for harvesting.