When the humans understood that chemical applied fruits and vegetables can no longer make them healthy, they turned to organic products. Organic products ensure a healthy life, free from diseases and increases immunity. Organic farming ensures no harmful chemicals are applied to the crops. This technique use manure, pesticides and fertilizers which are extracted from nature and don’t harm the essential living organism. Organic farming maintains harmony with the environment.
In this blog we are going to discuss about the farming process of coriander.
Coriander is basically an herb which is used as a spice in most of the dishes we use. Coriander seeds are obtained from ‘Coriandrum sativum’ plant. The leaves of the plants are also used to furnish different food varieties. They share a strong bond with other crops like carrot, parsley and celery. The leaves of coriander plants are called as cilantro.
Coriander falls under the family of Apiaceae. The main highlight of coriander is its tangy flavour.
Corianders are usually grown in pots or prepared beds. They require well-drained loose soil for the efficient growth. These crops reach a maximum height of 3 feet, so it is easy to cultivate. Coriander was found to be originated in the Mediterranean region. This is one of the crops which are widely cultivated in different states of India.
When the crops are cultivated only for leaves, slow bolting variety is preferred. This variety is well adapted in hotter climates and does not produce seeds quickly.
While cultivating for seeds, fast bolting variety is advised. This type is well suited in cold climates and warm dry climates during the time of maturity. The soil preference for coriander crops are well-drained loamy soil.
The preferred pH level for the soil is between 6.0-8.0. Before planting the seeds, the soil is ploughed well and organic manure & compost are applied by mixing it with garden soil. This provides enough nutrients during the initial growth.
Coriander crops should be kept hydrated always. They should not be left to dry. For the development of healthy seeds, the crop requires minimum 6 hours of direct sunlight. Sunlight helps in the development of fragrant oils inside the stem.
Coriander crops are directed propagated from the seeds. The seeds are placed 1.2m deep in prepared beds, leaving 5 cm gap between each seed.
The sowing season of coriander is during the first week of October. Generally to sow the seeds, Pora method is used.
Corianders are crops that love moisture content. So to maintain that, water should be continuously supplied. Drip irrigation is mainly practiced. To block the growth of weed and to maintain moisture, mulching is done. Water logging should be avoided. Large amount of water can damage the crops. Never allow the plant to wilt.
As a method to prevent bolting, mulching is done using barley straw since this helps to maintain the coolness in the soil. Once the crop becomes mature, farmyard manure is applied along with vermin compost.
Organic manure such as Cator cake is directly applied to the soil. They decompose faster to release nutrients which are readily consumed by the crops.
Major pests that affect coriander crops are:
- Powdery mildew
- Leaf spot
- Leaf hoppers
These crops are also infected by diseases like:
- Aster’s yellow
- Bacterial infection
- Damping off
Coriander leaves becomes mature to harvest after 40-45 days of planting. Healthy grown leaves with a length of 10-15 cm are separated from the plants.