Organic cultivation is a farming technique that focuses on ecosystem management along with producing quality yields. This system completely boycotts the use of external agricultural inputs. They also eliminate the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, additives and preservatives. They are replaced with organic materials which increase the fertility of the soil and does not harm the living organisms.
The major benefits of environment by practicing organic farming are:
- Sustainability: As year’s passes, changes are happening in the nature. These are long term differences happening gradually with time. Organic farming considers bringing changes in these interventions. Along with developing quality yields, it also aims at maintaining ecological balance. Through this they regain the soil fertility and increase the growth of essential organisms in the soil.
- Soil: To improve the quality of the soil, organic farming incorporates techniques like crop rotation, inter-crops, cover crops, symbiotic gatherings and the use of organic manures and fertilizers. These methods enhance the flora and fauna present in the soil and thereby producing an apt soil structure and formation. Through these techniques, the nutrients are restored in the soil. They can also help to control hazards like soil erosion. Through organic agriculture the possibilities of erosion are decreased, loss of nutrients are low, the productivity has increased. Apart from applying organic fertilizers, supplementary resources like nitrogen, phosphate, potassium etc. are provided to the crops.
- Water: The major problem arising due to conventional farming is the contamination of the ground water. The use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides has raised a major threat to the water bodies. Since the use of chemicals is strictly prohibited in organic farming, these improve the structure of the soil as well as purify the water bodies. With the use of natural manures and fertilizers, the possibilities of ground water pollution are reduced. In areas where the water pollution is high, Government has recommended the farmers of the area to start organic farming and has introduced different schemes to support them.
- Air and Climate: Organic farming has the ability to control the greenhouse effect by holding the carbon in the soil. Many practices like deploying nitrogen-fixing crops, reducing the tillage, usage of cover crops etc. has caused the carbon to remain in the soil. Studies have shown that the percentage of carbon deposit inside the soil is higher for organic farming. When the amount of carbon decreases in the atmosphere, the adversity of greenhouse effect is also decreased and thereby improving the climatic conditions.
- Biodiversity: Organic farming improves the presence of biodiversity in the fields. Through healthy biodiversity, the problems like bad weather, pests and diseases are reduced. The decrease in biodiversity can make the crops vulnerable to diseases and gradually depletes the crops.
- Consumes less energy: As organic farming does not depend on the using chemical fertilizers, it has gained a lot of energy. Synthetic fertilizers are produced by using sufficient amount of energy. Through organic farming we can save around 35-50% of this energy.
- Decreases Nitrogen induced pollution: The conventional style of farming uses Nitrogen as a major ingredient to produce fertilizers. As per the reports, the production rate has boomed to 65% in the last for years. This is a very serious issue and can cause danger to the marine life and disturbs the balance of the entire ecosystem. Through organic manure and fertilizers, the content of Nitrogen is reduced in the environment and hence decreasing the pollution.